Psychology: Stockholm syndrome

2022-04-27 0 By

It may seem strange that victims can develop feelings for the perpetrator, but this is actually what happens.In August 1973, a bank robbery took place in Stockholm, Sweden: two criminals held four bank employees hostage in a 130-hour standoff with the police.Finally, the criminal could not resist the strong pressure of the police and chose to surrender.Four hostages were rescued safely, but they did not show hatred, hatred and other emotions for the criminals.On the contrary, they have great sympathy and pity for criminals.In order to protect the criminals, they refused to provide valuable information to the police, and later decided to raise a fund to hire a lawyer for the criminals to fight the charges in court.More incomprehensible is that a female hostage also fell in love with one of the criminals, even if the criminals have to serve a prison sentence, but also willing to engage him…The hostages’ strange behavior attracted the attention of psychologists.They did a thorough study of the case and found that the hostages had fallen into a psychological disorder that led to their liking and dependence on the criminals.Because the case occurred in Stockholm, the psychological disorder has been named “Stockholm syndrome”, also known as “hostage complex”.Of course, this kind of psychological disorder can only appear under certain specific conditions, specifically should include the following four.One, the victim feels that his life is being seriously threatened.Two, the victim has experienced utter despair, believing that there is no chance of escape.Third, the offender does the victim a small favor, which the victim appreciates.Fourth, the criminal has limited the victim’s access to information, so that the victim can only know the information that the criminal wants them to know.When the above conditions all appear, the victim’s emotion and mind from the initial panic, fear development to despair, helplessness, confusion;At the same time, their feelings towards criminals are also changing, and they will have a wrong sense of dependence and worship towards criminals because their own life and death are completely in the hands of criminals.If the offender is not so vicious at this time, the victim’s psychological balance will gradually tilt toward the offender, and even have sympathy for the offender, thinking that the offender is “forced to suffer” will do such behavior.More serious people will deeply empathize with criminals — they regard the interests of criminals as their own interests, and equate the safety of criminals with their own safety, so they can’t help protecting criminals, and even produce a kind of deformed love for criminals.Although Stockholm syndrome is not accepted by the medical community as a real illness, when the hostages are educated, they are sent to a psychiatric clinic for treatment in order to adjust their unbalanced mentality and redefine themselves.Of course, the key to healing lies with the victims themselves.In order to truly walk out of Stockholm syndrome and recover the original normal life, the victim should actively resume the information communication with the outside world, and try to accept the help and comfort of others, so as to produce more positive emotional experience, get rid of the wrong perception of the criminal, and remove the emotional attachment to the criminal.