Unwilling!F35 air combat ability is poor, restrictions are many, Britain and Japan jointly develop the sixth generation of aircraft
Japan and the United Kingdom have announced plans to cooperate in engine development for the sixth generation fighter jet project, according to reference sources, citing Hong Kong media.Mitsubishi Heavy Industries And Ishikawa Shimashima Will lead research and development in Japan, while Rolls-Royce and British Aerospace Systems will be responsible for the UK, the report said, adding that the overall research programme also includes airborne weapons such as advanced air-to-air missiles.Although Both Japan and The UK have purchased and are using the US-made F-35 fifth-generation stealth fighter, the joint development of the new fighter hints at both countries’ dissatisfaction with the F-35 and their desire to develop advanced fighters with their own intellectual property rights.At present, there are only three kinds of mass-produced, fifth-generation stealth fighters in the real sense. They are THE American F-22, F-35 and China’S J-20, and the F-22 has already been discontinued, so only F-35 and J-20 are in mass production at present.The total production of THE F-35 has exceeded 750, and it has been exported to Britain, Norway, Italy, Israel, Japan and other Allies of the United States in addition to serving the U.S. military.But as the F-35 has been used by many countries, its flaws have gradually become apparent.(The F-35’s limited payload and lack of firepower are a major drawback of the aircraft.) First, the F-35 was originally designed to replace the F-16 as a multi-role stealth strike aircraft, with a high-and-low pairing with the F-22.The F-22 is primarily tasked with seizing air supremacy, while the F-35 is tasked with land and sea strikes.The f-35 had to undertake both air control and ground attack missions. However, due to the limitations of initial design and aerodynamic shape, the F-35 not only had a low top flight speed of Mach 1.6, but also had its engines buried deep in the fuselage.The tail is flanked by engine spits, so the F-35 is prone to butt burn at speeds above Mach 1.2.In view of the design defects of F-35, the US military had to stipulate that the SUPERSONIC flight speed of F-35 should not exceed Mach 1.2, and the supersonic flight time should not exceed 1 minute.As a result of these two regulations, it is difficult for the F-35 to carry out rapid interception missions:In 2019, a Norwegian F-35 fighter jet intercepted a Russian Tu-160 strategic bomber over the Barents Sea. The Tu-160 accelerated and easily lost the F-35, which can fly at Mach 2.05, as fast as the famous mig-21 fighter jet.The F-35, on the other hand, can only fly at Mach 1.6 at the top of the speed limit, and at Mach 1.2 at the speed limit, which makes it impossible to catch up and stop the Tu-160.Second, as a single-engine fighter, the F-35 does have weak onboard firepower under stealth conditions.The F-35 is designed to have two compartments and can carry two Jaydum GPS-guided bombs and two AIM-120 air-to-air missiles;For air combat missions, only 4 AIM-120 medium-range air-to-air missiles, or 2 AIM-120 and 2 AIM-9X combat shells can be carried.(The F-35 can also be fitted with an external poundage, but this way there is no stealth.) By contrast, the F-22 can carry six AIM-120 and two AIM-9X for a total of eight air-to-air missiles for air combat missions;China’s J-20 fighter can also carry four PL-15 and two PL-10 air-to-air missiles, or six PL-12 and two PL-10 air-to-air missiles, namely six to eight air-to-air missiles. The firepower of the F-22 is basically the same as that of the F-35, but compared with the F-22 and J-20, the firepower is only about half of the latter.(Russia’s Su-30SM intercepts F-35 fighters over the Baltic Sea.) The gap would be even greater if it were a fourth-generation and a half-generation fighter: the F-15EX, recently received by the U.S. military, can carry up to 22 AIM-120 air-to-air missiles;China’s J-16 fighter jets can also carry at least 14 air-to-air missiles when fully loaded.In addition, the stealth performance of THE F-35 still lags behind that of the F-22. If there are early warning aircraft, it is completely possible for the FOURTH-and-a-half-generation fighter to confront the F-35 head-on, while the F-35, with its slow flying speed and small ammunition load, will fall into an embarrassing situation where it cannot catch up and escape.(The F-35 doesn’t have much of an advantage even against a fourth-and-a-half fighter, which has several times the onboard firepower of the F-35.) The F-35 is certainly qualified as a stealth attack aircraft, but it would certainly be reluctant to be used for air superiority missions.It is precisely because of the F-35’s obvious technical shortcomings that Britain and Japan are now working together to develop a dedicated air superiority fighter that can be used alongside the F-35.(Although Pakistan has more than 75 F-16s, these are under American surveillance, as are the British and Japanese F-35s.) There is another inconvenient reason for Britain and Japan to jointly develop a sixth-generation fighter: to avoid American restrictions.Because the United States imposes strict political and military restrictions on arms exports.For example, when the United States exported F-16 fighter jets to Pakistan, it specified that the aircraft would only be used in the “war on terror” and Pakistan would not be allowed to use them in the India-Pakistan Kashmir dispute.In the case of the F-35 itself, the Norwegian Air Force, upon receiving the F-35A, soon discovered that the aircraft would automatically transmit the aircraft’s flight coordinates to Lockheed Martin in the United States via satellite systems, recording the pilots’ actions and sending them back to the United States.What is more serious is that the missile launch codes used by the AIR-to-air missiles mounted on the F-35 are in the hands of the United States. If the U.S. does not tell the codes, even advanced missiles will be useless.(Japan does have an aviation industry, but that’s about as far as it goes.) So there are essentially two reasons why the UK and Japan are working together on a sixth-generation fighter: first, the F-35 does have technical flaws, and both countries need an air superiority fighter to match the F-35;Second, it tries to free itself from the constraints imposed by the US.However, the ideal is full, the reality is very skinny.It should be known that since the Harrier fighter, Britain has never independently developed fighter aircraft, the later “Wind” and “Typhoon” are the result of multinational joint research and development;Japan has not independently developed fighter jets since the end of World War II. Its F-1 is a reference to the Jaguar developed jointly by Britain and France, while the F-2 is a direct enlarged version of the U.S. F-16.It can be said that although Britain and Japan have a certain aviation industry foundation, but whether they have the ability to jointly develop advanced fighter jets, there is still a question mark.Not to mention, the two countries have not even developed a fifth-generation fighter plane, but now they want to skip the fifth-generation fighter plane and directly launch the sixth-generation fighter plane. This is indeed a big step.