In 2000, the Hong Kong collector wanted to donate the national treasure to the state. Why did the state refuse to accept it and Sue him?

2022-07-01 0 By

Hi, everyone, I’m Lantai.In July 2000, the owner of a famous art shop in Hong Kong, as well as a famous collector of cultural relics in Hong Kong, took the initiative to find the relevant departments of the state and expressed his willingness to donate the national treasure level cultural relic “the painted and embossed warrior stone carving of the Straight Tomb of King Chu of the Five Dynasties” to the state for free.To everyone’s surprise, authorities not only refused to accept the Hong Kong collector’s donation, but also sued the collector and his art shop in the United States.Why did the authorities not only reject the collector’s rare donation of national treasures, but also Sue the collector in the United States?Things, to start from the beginning of 2000.At the beginning of 2000, hebei Provincial Bureau of Cultural Heritage received an overseas call from the United States.It turned out that a professor of The Central Academy of Fine Arts, who was a visiting scholar in the United States, accidentally found a samurai relief in a TV advertisement of Christie’s auction house in The United Kingdom that Christie’s auction House in The United Kingdom would hold an auction of “Chinese ceramics, paintings and works of art” in New York on March 21.It is very similar to the reliefs in Wang Chu’s straight tomb that were stolen in the 1990s in Quyang County, Baoding, Hebei Province.Wang Chuzhi was a warlord in Hebei province in the late Tang Dynasty and the Five Dynasties period.During the Liang-Jin War in the early Period of the Five Dynasties, Wang Chouzhi, who was not qualified, wandered repeatedly between Zhu Wen and Li Cunxu, saving his semi-independence for 22 years.Later, due to his doting and trusting crafty sycophants, his adopted son Wangdu launched a mutiny, and Wang Chouzhi was imprisoned and died on the 18th day of the first month in the third year of Longde of Later Liang (923) at the age of sixty-one.After his death, he was buried in a mountain in Quyang County, Baoding, Hebei Province.In June 1994, local people found a one-meter diameter hole in the mountain, and experts rushed to the scene after the alarm.Experts on the scene after the investigation, decided to immediately rescue excavation cleaning.Based on tomb murals and epitaphs, experts confirmed that this was the tomb of Wang Chouzhi during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.When the experts arrived, they found that the tomb had been visited twice before their arrival, most of the burial goods and reliefs had been stolen, and many of the frescoes had been damaged.Fortunately, however, the relief and murals retained are rare treasures.Wang Straight tomb stolen scene pictures also have these remaining cultural relics, so that professor Yuan Yunsheng, a visiting scholar in the United States, through television advertising, a glance at Christie’s auction there are stolen cultural relics.After receiving professor Yuan yunsheng’s phone call, the cultural relics department of Hebei province immediately organized an expert group to conduct demonstration. After careful demonstration, the expert group confirmed that The lot no. 209 auctioned by Christie’s auction House in New York was the samurai relief of Wang’s straight tomb that was stolen in 1994.The matter has attracted the attention of the relevant departments of the state. The cultural relics department, the public security department and the diplomatic department all took action to recover the national treasure.On March 2, 2000, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage contacted the Us Embassy in China about the stolen cultural relics of Lot 209, which was to be auctioned by Christie’s in New York, hoping that the US side would block the auction of Lot 209 by Christie’s according to international conventions and return the cultural relics to China.On the same day, the public security department also formally notified Interpol’s US Central Bureau, hoping that the US Central Bureau could provide necessary assistance.Moreover, the Chinese Embassy in the United States also made an urgent appointment with Ms. Goldblatt, a senior official of the New York Central Bureau of the United States Customs Administration, to make clear to her the Position of the Chinese government.On March 8 and 11, 2000, the Customs Office of the US Embassy in China and the New York Bureau of the US Customs Sent letters to the State Administration of Cultural Heritage and the Chinese Embassy in the US respectively, saying that they would assist the Chinese side in recovering the cultural relic in accordance with the provisions of UNESCO, but they also needed the Chinese side to provide relevant evidence to prove that the cultural relic was indeed stolen.After receiving evidence from the Chinese authorities, the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York notified Christie’s on March 21, 2000 to stop the sale of Lot 209 and issued a civil forfeiture order authorizing the United States Customs New York Central Office to seize the Samurai relief.And just after the United States Customs bureau confiscated the “warrior relief”, the aforementioned “initiative” offered to donate the national treasure to the state of Hong Kong famous cultural relics collector appeared.Wang straight tomb unearthed cultural relics, he is commissioned Christie’s auction in New York “warrior relief” “master”.However, at this time, he can not be a little later as “generous”, he learned that the “warrior relief” was detained by the United States customs, immediately to the United States police and customs claimed that the “warrior relief” is his ancestral cultural relics, he has more than 10 years of history.This reason is really ridiculous, because any fine handed down cultural relics in history will change owners several times, and the notes of scholars will also record;If a masterpiece of more than 1,000 years, such as the Samurai relief, is handed down from generation to generation, why has no one mentioned it for years?At the time, state authorities provided abundant evidence, including soil samples from around Wang’s straight tomb.In the face of irrefutable facts, this famous Collector in Hong Kong still wants to “fight tooth and claw”.He has proposed two so-called “doubts” to the state cultural relics department: first, he thinks that the warrior statue is not the king’s tomb, because the relief style is different;Secondly, it is believed that the relief is very dry, unlike the other relief in wang’s tomb was soaked in water.As a result, the cultural relics department once again gave an impeccable answer, just let the “famous” collector no longer quivel.And just at this time, the famous American cultural relic collector Ansiyuan learned that The Chinese department pursued the news of stolen cultural relics, and took the initiative to contact the relevant department, saying that he bought the samurai relief with Christie’s 209 in Hong Kong a few years ago, and Mr. An also took the initiative to send color photos to China, request verification.Through the identification of domestic cultural relics experts, it is believed that this piece in Mr. An siyuan’s hand and the warrior relief in Christie’s Lot no. 209 are the same, respectively, qin Shubao and Yuchi Gong, generals of the Tang Taizong period.After consultation, on June 26, 2000, Ansiyuan said that he would donate the cultural relics to the state free of charge.And an Siyuan will relief donated to the Chinese government, Hong Kong that “famous” collectors see “warrior relief” will be confiscated, in order to restore their reputation, he just take the initiative to the relevant departments will be “warrior relief” donated to the country.Such a donation, of course, would not be accepted by the authorities, who have formally charged Hong Kong’s famous collector in the United States.In 2001, the U.S. District Court of New York returned the reliefs of warriors from Wang Chu Straight Tomb to the Chinese government in accordance with the United Nations Convention on Cultural Relics, and imposed a number of fines on Hong Kong collectors.Later, the famous Hong Kong collector’s art shop business collapsed, finally the collector had to close the business and leave Canada.This is why the Hong Kong collector volunteered to donate cultural relics, the relevant departments not only refused to accept, but also prosecuted him in the whole process.END