The Year of Shandong in the Intangible Cultural Heritage: Mud tiger “calls” The Spring Festival

2022-07-03 0 By

Qilu network · Lightning news On February 3 (Shandong Radio integrated Lu Yiting) This Spring Festival, “tiger” has become the cultural products of the “star” element, a variety of products emerge in endlessly.In Gaomi, Weifang, a powerful and colorful clay tiger cries loudly during this Spring Festival. It is the National Intangible Cultural Heritage project “Nijiazhuang Clay Sculpture”. After more than 400 years of inheritance, it is still fresh and full of new vitality.In nie Peng’s house, the inheritor of Nie Jiazhuang, a national intangible cultural heritage, there are many completed clay sculptures and unfinished clay sculptures everywhere — the “Call tiger” with an upright and staring face, the eccentric and dexterous “Monkey wag”, ladies and Luo Han…”The tiger is the king of beasts. It has the meaning of” town house, warding off evil spirits and protecting peace. “Clay sculptures shaped like tigers are the most popular around the Spring Festival in the Year of tiger.”Compared to the same period last year, we sold almost twice as many clay sculptures and the price increased by 40 percent.”Collecting earth, mixing mud, making blanks…Pieces of seemingly ordinary mud need to go through a dozen processes to transform into lifelike clay sculpture works of art. Nie Peng’s ingenuity and wisdom make the old craft blossom into new flowers.”I have made innovations in color and pattern design, changing the original mud tiger with five colors to the current one with gold as the main meaning of wealth, and some with red as the background color for creation, adding some auspicious words that people usually like on the clay details.”This is the way of innovation, Nie Peng explored for 12 years.Since Nie Peng took the baton from his father Nie Chenxi in 2010, he has been thinking about how to continue the vitality of traditional clay sculptures. Such a development mode has been recognized by Nie Chenxi, who couldn’t help but lament that “the spring of craftsmen is coming” :”I think he has become more familiar with the traditional techniques over the years, and we have studied and discussed the new shapes of clay sculptures together. Because you can’t just make traditional shapes. If you want to make a living by this craft, you have to inherit the tradition and make innovations.”However, in the last year of the Tiger, when Nie Peng wanted to specialize in clay sculpture, Nie Chenxi thought that “there was no future in artisan cooking” and firmly opposed his joining in: “At that time, there was no artist as young as Him in Gaomi or even in Weifang, because no one could make a lot of money doing this, and no one could support his family.”Now through nie Peng’s efforts, he dispelled his father’s concerns, and his career is thriving.However, as the head of the Nijiazhuang Clay Artists Association, Nie Peng still has many concerns about the development of the whole industry. “First of all, there are no young people working in the village.Clay sculpture is relatively strenuous work, and many people may give it up by the end of the Year of the Tiger.”Some supermarkets sell clay tigers, just to catch the heat and find out it’s the year of the tiger.””No money can be earned” and no successors are common problems faced by the whole intangible cultural heritage project. Wang Jinxiao, director of intangible cultural heritage of Gaomi Municipal Culture and Tourism Bureau, told the reporter that the whole Gaomi Intangible cultural heritage project is very rich, including four state-level projects, including Nijiazhuang clay sculpture, and nearly 200 other projects.The ministry of Culture has made great efforts to provide a platform for non-inheritors to learn and exchange and provide subsidies, but the biggest difficulty remains.Wang Jinxiao: “the craft can not be learned overnight, even if learned, the market grasp, control, promotion and other aspects can not do, now you want to make a good survival of the craft, both a business talent and an artistic talent, these two have more difficult words.”Moreover, with the development of The Times, social needs are also changing, which makes it very difficult for intangible cultural heritage to survive in the market.”Times have changed and social needs have also changed,” Wang told reporters. “In the past, you could say if you made something, you could sell it, or if you didn’t have to sell it, people would take it away. Now we need to master the rules of the market and have a keen eye to see what goes well in the market.”Xu Simin, professor of Shandong Institute of Arts and Crafts, has been paying close attention to the development of intangible cultural heritage. He also said that if intangible cultural heritage wants to survive in the market as an object, it must ensure that it can smoothly pass the “crossroads” of development:”Today, we have come to a crossroads in the development of Intangible cultural heritage. As society is developing faster and faster, the quality of life, the quality of life, the way of life, including living habits, has changed a lot.In this case, how can traditional handicrafts adapt to people’s living habits, lifestyles and needs?”How long for the old tree buds, Xu Simin suggest not genetic bearing people should not be the past, dare to be “new wine in old bottles” : “in today’s society, as a craftsmen, you to go out, to participate in training, fair, build group of communication and so on, through these activities, can keep improving on skills, can grasp the market, product innovation.”From the perspective of long-term development, not only the non-inheritors themselves are required to take active actions, but also the government should continue to provide “strong support”, Wang Jinxiao told reporters, the competent authorities have been trying to help expand the market of intangible cultural heritage products.”At present, according to the market demand, we also carry out” two innovation “for intangible cultural heritage projects, namely creative transformation and innovative development;We also research and develop derivatives including New Year paintings, clay sculptures, paper cuttings and so on.We also plan to let the inheritors concentrate on our local scenic spots for promotion, interaction and integration with tourists. With the development of market handicrafts, there will be more people doing this thing, and it will naturally develop.”Xu Simin said that in order to make the “clay tiger” louder in the next year of the Tiger and make the intangible cultural heritage “hot” and “alive”, inheritors should pay more attention to the inheritance of craftsmanship and spirit instead of obsess over physical objects.”Handicrafts as a spirit will certainly live forever, because after all they have played an important role for our human society, for our impergium people.From a technical point of view, people in the future will also have this need, but not material need, mainly spiritual need, this is the development of it, as long as you grasp this direction, it can go on.”